The Impact of the Foreign Migration on the Economic Development of the Region in the ХІХ-th century (Case Study of Mykolayiv Region)
Author: Volos Olga Vasylivna
Category: History of Ukraine
Keywords: migration, agriculture, foreign colonists, colony, gardening, wine growing, artisan, Mykolayiv region, Kherson guberniya
Migrations in the history and ethnic processes of Ukraine. Odessa ethnographic readings: Collection of scientific works: scientific edition / Edited VG Kushnir. - Odessa: Odessa National University named after II Mechnikova, 2017. - 398 p. - P. 70-79
The publication covers the economic activities, in particular, the ancillary activities practiced by some representatives of the ethnic minorities of the Kherson guberniya, within the current territory of the Mykolayiv region. Considering those above, the research is aimed to define the impact of the foreign colonization in the ХІХ-th century for the development and expansion of different types of activities within that territory. The article covers the relation of the migration of the foreign colonists and the development of the agricultural activity of the rural population of Kherson Guberniya during the specified century. During that period to the economic development of the region contributed not only Ukrainians but also the representatives of the other ethnic communities, who actively migrated to that territory of the Ukrainian steppe. The author notifies the development of some fields of agriculture by the foreign colonists, their movement, and grouping in national groups on the territory above within the territory of Mykolayiv region. The most profitable ancillary economic activities of the territory were gardening and wine growing, they were the most popular among the German, Moldovan, and Bulgarian colonists. The migration of the Germans to the territory of Kherson Guberniya activated the process of growing of the fruit gardens and vineyards and promoted the growth of winemaking in the region. The article analyses the impact of the artisan production of the colonists on the general economic development of the steppe region. The government of the Russian Empire preferred the migrants dealing wth crafts and especially agriculture. There were different craftsmen in each colony; large communities had dozens of artisan workshops.