Activity and liquidation of national party formations of the USSR period formation of the totalitarian system of the first half of the 1920 s.
Author: Nikolaiev Ihor Yevhenovych
Category: History of Ukraine
Keywords: Early totalitarianism, эсеровские organization, the Bolshevik party.
In the article, on the basis of mainly archival sources, an attempt was made to analyze the liquidation processes of the Bolshevik Party in relation to the national party groups of Ukraine. The main factors used by the Bolsheviks in the struggle against the national political opposition during the formation of the totalitarian system were determined. It was proved that the attitude of the Communist Party to the national parties was based on the Leninist theory, which divided each national culture into bourgeois and proletarian. The first one that did not focus on the class approach was rejected by the Bolsheviks, even if the political force propagated socialist slogans. The national parties that professed the communist ideology, which the Bolsheviks would need to consolidate their positions among the ethnic community (in particular, the Jewish Communist Workers' Party Poalei-Zion), were considered proletarian. In the late 1919s-early 1920s, Ukrainian branches of the socialist parties of Armenia and Poland ("Dashnaktsutyun", "Iktaavir", PPS) fall into the category of bourgeois, respectively, devoid of legal opportunities for functioning.