Mykolayiv In-Service Teachers Training Institute. ISSN 2786-4871


New Ukrainian school and Yakiv Chepiga’s imperatives (due to the article «Basic concepts of normal school»)

Author: Shuliar Vasyl Іvanovych
Fund: Articles
Category: New Ukrainian school
Keywords: ecological imperative; environmental imperative; imperative; literary subjects; methodological imperative; model of new Ukrainian school; national school; pedagogical imperative; types of imperatives; Yakiv Chepiga

Shulyar, V. I. (2020). New Ukrainian school and imperatives of Yakov Chepiga (according to the article «Thorough principles of a normal school»). September, 2–3 (85–86), 80–97 (ukr).


The author of the article identifis the Yakiv Chepiga’s pedagogical imperatives to take them into account of the modern educational process. Such defiitions as «imperative», «types of imperatives», «pedagogical imperative», «methodological imperative of the literary subjects» are clarifid. The author demonstrates that the future is built when lessons from the past are learnt. A study of teachers’ personalities is a productive way for it, for example the fiure of Yakiv Chepiga is signifiant enough. The legacy of Yakiv Chepiga has been studied by few researchers, such as Lydia Nikolenko, Larysa Berezivska, Olga Sukhomlynska and others. The article presents a concept understanding of «imperative» and «environmental imperative» and offers a summary table and relevant defiitions. Types of ecological thinking are determined: visual-action; visual-image; verbal and logical. Scientists classify them in different ways. But anyway these notions are consistent with the views of Immanuel Kant about different characteristics of a human spirit and behavior. The core work of Yakiv Chepiga, where his thoughts, ideas, and experience were set out, was the «Project of the Ukrainian School» (1913). In fact, this program document contains statements about the natural school which promotes spirit development and a folk culture. According to the author, there are such promising directions for Chepiga’s legacy research as national education imperatives, teacher training textbook creation etc. The principles of cooperation between the key players of the learning process according to Yakiv Chepiga and «New Ukrainian School» Concept include human-centered approach, child-centred approach and teacher-centred approach. Cooperation involves partnerships between teachers, children, parents and the community.