COOPERATIVE LEARNING AS A TOOL TO DEVELOP A CULTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN THE LEARNING PROCESS
Author: Hladun Vitalii Viktorovich
Keywords: collaboration; cooperation; cooperative learning; culture of democracy; learning process
At the present stage, the educational community is intensifying the search for methods to master the student youth with thorough knowledge and necessary skills and. The cooperative technologies for problem-solving are relevant now.The teacher’s use of interactive learning technologies, particularly cooperative learning methods, allows students to become active participants in their learning. Cooperation in the modern world is not only an experience but also an energy that will help to get a better result than performing a task individually. A competitive form of interaction focuses only on the student’s own successes, but cooperation on the contrary helps to increase the effctiveness of learning and get the best result. Many researchers focus on the positive aspects of cooperative learning such as the development of critical thinking, the ability to organize the process, management functions, conflct solution, collaboration, sharing, and responsibility between participants, which reduces the fears. In an educational dispute, where conflcting points of view collide during the consideration of an issue, there is a process of making decisions. The main principles of cooperative learning are interaction, mutually benefiial cooperation, assistance, democracy, tolerance, responsibility, respect, and etc. The process should be organized so that participants can not complete their tasks and achieve the goal without helping each other. Cooperative learning helps students develop skills or the development of a culture of democracy in the learning process. Cooperation and interaction at school contribute to motivation and incentives for learning, mutual assistance in mastering the material, encouraging partners to cooperate, mutual responsibility, ensuring the activity of participants.