Mykolayiv In-Service Teachers Training Institute. ISSN 2786-4871


Stellarium virtual planetarium as a means of geography and astronomy intermediate communication

Author: Liskovych Olena Volodymyrivna
Fund: Articles
Category: Pedagogy
Keywords: geography education process, astronomical component, curriculum, types of intersubject connections, astronomical equipment, virtual planetarium, astronomical concepts.

Liskovych, O. V. (2020). Virtualnyi planetarii Stellarium yak zasib realizatsii mizhpredmetnykh zviazkiv heohrafii ta astronomii [Stellarium virtual planetarium as a means of geography and astronomy intermediate communication]. Molodyi vchenyi, 4, 156-160 (ukr)


The article explores the possibilities of using the Stellarium virtual planetarium in the educational process of geography. Based on the analysis of scientific publications revealed that the problem of using intersubject communications of geography and astronomy has not been studied enough, and its relevance is due to the transition of the senior specialized school to new curricula that provide for the organization of the educational process based on integration based on intrasubject and intersubject communications. It has been demonstrated that the content of the educational material and the expected results of the educational and cognitive activities of the students, provided by the current programs in geography and astronomy, contain a significant amount of general questions, and the qualitative mastering of geographical concepts requires to use of basic knowledge that students gain in astronomy lessons. This is especially true of the new topic "Geographic consequences of the parameters and motions of the Earth as a planet" in the course of geography of the gade11. Based on the analysis of the types of intersubject communications, it was found that it is effective in the context of the study to use the previous intersubject communications in a chronological attribute in both versions of the study of the astronomical component. Based on a comparison of the expected results of the astronomy and geography program, the feasibility of using operational-activity type connections, which include the connections between the methods of educational and cognitive activity and the students' skills, has been proved in them in the process of studying subjects. In support of the proposed idea, examples of use of the Stellarium virtual planetarium in geography lessons are given: to demonstrate the equinoxes and solstices on the Earth's motion patterns; observation of the movement of the Sun in the celestial sphere, its transition from the southern hemisphere to the northern, and vice versa; demonstrations of changes in the declination of the Sun (the angular distance on the celestial sphere from the plane of the celestial equator to the sun) during the year, its significance on the days of the equinoxes and solstices. You can also use a virtual planetarium to show: correlation of astronomical coordinates with geographic coordinates; consequences of axial and orbital motion of the planet; dependence of the view of the starry sky on the coordinates of the place where the observer is located; the mechanism for determining local time, its dependence on geographical longitude, etc.